A Guide to Armagnac

History, types, and enjoyment of this french brandy

Armagnac is a type of brandy that is produced in the Armagnac region of Gascony, which is located in southwestern France.

It is named after the region where it is made and has been produced for centuries. Armagnac is made from distilled wine and is aged in oak barrels for a minimum of one year, but can be aged for much longer.

While cognac is more well-known and widely produced, armagnac has a unique flavor profile that sets it apart from other types of brandy. It is known for its full-bodied flavor and rich mouthfeel, with notes of chocolate, dried fruit, and caramel.

Armagnac is produced in small quantities and is often considered a luxury item.

It is typically enjoyed as an after-dinner drink and is often served in a snifter glass to help enhance its aroma and flavor.

While it may not be as well-known as other types of brandy, armagnac has a long and rich history and is a beloved spirit among those who appreciate its unique flavor and artisanal production process.

History of Armagnac

Armagnac is a type of brandy that is distilled in the Armagnac region of southwestern France.

Armagnac is often compared to cognac, which is another type of brandy that is produced in France.

It is the oldest distilled spirit in France and predates cognac by several hundred years. This section will provide a brief overview of the history of Armagnac, including its origins, development, and significance in France.

Origins of Armagnac

The origins of Armagnac can be traced back to the 14th century when it was first documented as a local eau-de-vie.

The oldest document of Armagnac production is from 1310, making it over 700 years old. The spirit was originally produced by the monks in the region, who used it for medicinal purposes.

However, it soon became popular among the local population as a drink to be enjoyed in moderation.

Development of Armagnac Industry

Over time, the production of Armagnac became more widespread, and the industry grew.

In the 16th century, the spirit began to be exported to other parts of France and Europe. However, it was not until the 19th century that the industry really took off, with the introduction of new distillation techniques and the development of a more sophisticated marketing strategy.

Today, Armagnac is produced by over 200 different producers, ranging from small family-owned businesses to large commercial operations.

The production process is strictly regulated by the Bureau National Interprofessionnel de l’Armagnac (BNIA), which ensures that only the highest quality spirits are produced.

Significance of Armagnac in France

Armagnac has played an important role in the culture and history of France. It is often referred to as the “spirit of Gascony,” and is closely associated with the region’s traditions and way of life. In addition, it has been used in various celebrations and ceremonies, such as weddings, christenings, and funerals.

Today, Armagnac is considered one of the finest spirits in the world, and is highly prized by connoisseurs and collectors. It is known for its complex flavor profile, which includes notes of vanilla, dried fruits, and spice. In addition, it is often aged for many years in oak barrels, which gives it a rich, smooth finish.

In conclusion, the history of Armagnac is a rich and fascinating one, and has played an important role in the culture and history of France. Its origins can be traced back over 700 years, and it has become one of the most highly prized spirits in the world today.

Production of Armagnac

It is made from a variety of grapes and is distilled and aged in oak barrels.

In this section we will explain the production process of Armagnac.

Grapes Used in Armagnac Production

Armagnac is produced from a blend of grape varieties, with the most commonly used being Ugni Blanc, Baco, Folle Blanche, and Colombard.

While Cognac uses almost exclusively Ugni Blanc, Armagnac allows for more variety in its production.

The grapes are harvested in late September to early October and then pressed to extract the juice. This juice is then fermented for several weeks, with the addition of yeast to convert the sugars into alcohol.

Distillation Process

The fermented grape juice is then distilled twice in copper pot stills.

The first distillation produces a low-alcohol liquid called brouillis, which is then distilled again to produce the final spirit.

The distillation process is crucial to the production of Armagnac, as it helps to concentrate the flavors and aromas of the grape juice. The spirit is then aged in oak barrels, which further enhances its flavor and color.

Aging Armagnac

Armagnac must be aged for a minimum of one year in oak barrels before it can be sold.

However, most Armagnacs are aged for much longer, with some being aged for several decades.

The aging process allows the spirit to develop its unique flavor profile, with notes of dried fruit, vanilla, and spice. The longer the Armagnac is aged, the more complex and nuanced its flavor becomes.

Armagnac producers also use a solera system, where younger Armagnacs are blended with older ones to create a consistent flavor profile from year to year.

Overall, the production process of Armagnac is a time-honored tradition that results in a complex and flavorful spirit that is enjoyed by many around the world.

Types of Armagnac

There are several types of Armagnac, each with its own unique characteristics and flavor profiles.

armagnac poured into a drinking glass

In this section, we will explore the three main types of Armagnac: Blanche Armagnac, Vieille Armagnac, and Hors d’Age Armagnac.

Blanche Armagnac

Blanche Armagnac, also known as white Armagnac, is a clear, unaged spirit that is bottled immediately after distillation.

It is made from a blend of grapes, including Folle Blanche, Colombard, and Ugni Blanc. Blanche Armagnac has a fresh, fruity flavor with notes of citrus and white flowers. It is often used as a base for cocktails or enjoyed as a digestif.

Vieille Armagnac

Vieille Armagnac, also known as old Armagnac, is aged in oak barrels for a minimum of two years.

It is made from the same grape varieties as Blanche Armagnac but has a more complex flavor profile. Vieille Armagnac has notes of caramel, vanilla, and dried fruit, with a hint of oak.

It is often sipped neat or enjoyed with a cigar.

Hors d’Age Armagnac

Hors d’Age Armagnac, also known as vintage Armagnac, is aged in oak barrels for a minimum of ten years.

It is made from the same grape varieties as Vieille Armagnac but has a richer, more intense flavor profile. Hors d’Age Armagnac has notes of chocolate, leather, and tobacco, with a long, smooth finish.

It is often considered the finest type of Armagnac and is best enjoyed neat or with a few drops of water.

Tasting Armagnac

Serving Temperature

Armagnac should be served at room temperature or slightly below.

The ideal serving temperature is between 64 and 68 degrees Fahrenheit. If the Armagnac is too cold, it will mute the flavors and aromas. If it is too warm, the alcohol will be too overpowering.


The best glassware for tasting Armagnac is a tulip-shaped glass.

The shape of the glass helps to concentrate the aromas, and the narrow opening helps to direct the aromas towards the nose. The glass should be filled about a third of the way full to allow room for swirling and releasing aromas.

Tasting Notes

To taste Armagnac, start by observing the color.

glasses of armagnac for a tasting

Then bring your nose close to the glass to take in the aromas. Swirl the glass gently to release more aromas.

Take a small sip and let it linger in your mouth for a few seconds before swallowing. Note the flavors and aromas that you detect. Armagnac’s initial flavors are fruity, with notes of prunes, quince, figs, and apricots.

As the brandy ages, it develops a deeper, more floral taste with a fruity essence that is more concentrated. Very old Armagnac develops a woody, meaty aroma with elements of aged leather and tobacco.

Overall, tasting Armagnac is an experience that should be savored slowly to fully appreciate the complex flavors and aromas that it has to offer.


Armagnac is a unique and flavorful brandy that is often compared to its more famous cousin, Cognac. However, Armagnac has a distinct character and production process that sets it apart from other brandies.

One of the key differences between Armagnac and Cognac is the production process. Armagnac is typically distilled only once, which results in a more full-bodied and flavorful spirit. It is also aged in oak barrels, which gives it a rich and complex flavor profile.

Armagnac is often enjoyed neat, as a slow-sipping drink that allows you to fully appreciate its flavors and aromas. However, it can also be used in cocktails, adding a unique and complex flavor to any drink.

Overall, Armagnac is a unique and flavorful spirit that is worth exploring for anyone who enjoys brandy or other distilled spirits. With its rich history and artisanal production process, Armagnac is a true gem of the spirits world.

Please drink responsibly, be fully accountable with your alcohol consumption, and show others respect.

Written by Lauren McKenna

Lauren is a soon to be Temple University graduate. Her love of travel has introduced her to food and drinks from all over the world. She provides MyBartender with a global view of all things alcohol.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

GIPHY App Key not set. Please check settings

friends having drinks at bars in Little Rock

Little Rock’s Top 9 Bars to Visit

barman making famous british classic Pimm's cocktail indoor on bar top with branded bottle

Our 9 Favorite Pimms Cocktails