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A Guide to Prosecco

Prosecco is a sparkling wine that has become increasingly popular in recent years.

It is produced primarily in the Veneto region of Italy, although it is also made in other parts of the country. The wine is made from the Glera grape and is known for its light, refreshing taste and effervescence.

Prosecco is often compared to champagne, but there are some key differences between the two.

For one, champagne is made using a different set of grapes and undergoes a secondary fermentation process in the bottle, while Prosecco is typically made using the Charmat method, which involves fermenting the wine in large tanks.

Additionally, Prosecco tends to be less expensive than champagne, making it a popular choice for those looking for a sparkling wine that won’t break the bank.

History of Prosecco

Prosecco is a sparkling white wine from Italy that has been enjoyed for centuries.

The origins of Prosecco can be traced back to the Roman times when a wine called Puccino was obtained from the pressing of the glera grapes.

This wine was one of the most appreciated wines in Italy due to its fruity and fresh flavor, and it was sought after by the great lords and exported throughout the territory.


The name Prosecco comes from the village of Prosecco, which is located near Trieste in northeastern Italy.

The first known mention of the name Prosecco is attributed to the Englishman Fynes Moryson, who visited the north of Italy in 1593. He notes that “Here growes the wine Pucinum, now called Prosecho, much celebrated by Pliny.”

Prosecco was originally made as a still wine, but in the late 1800s, winemakers in the Prosecco region began experimenting with making sparkling wines using the Charmat method.

This method involves fermenting the wine in large tanks rather than in individual bottles, which makes it less expensive and more efficient to produce.


Today, Prosecco is produced in two regions in Italy: Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia.

The Veneto region produces the majority of Prosecco and is home to the famous DOC and DOCG Prosecco appellations.

Prosecco is made using the Glera grape, which is native to the Veneto region. The grapes are harvested in early September and then pressed to extract the juice. The juice is then fermented in stainless steel tanks at a controlled temperature to preserve the wine’s delicate aromas and flavors.

After the first fermentation, the wine undergoes a second fermentation in large tanks using the Charmat method.

This process creates the wine’s characteristic bubbles, which are then trapped in the bottle using a crown cap. The wine is then aged for a few months before being released for sale.

Types of Prosecco

Prosecco comes in different types, which are classified based on their sweetness levels.

The sweetness level is determined by the residual sugar content in the wine. Here are the three types of Prosecco:


Brut is the driest type of Prosecco, with a residual sugar content of less than 12 grams per liter.

label on a bottle of brut

It is the most popular type of Prosecco, known for its crisp and refreshing taste. It pairs well with seafood, salads, and light appetizers.

Extra Dry

Extra Dry is the most common type of Prosecco, with a residual sugar content of 12 to 17 grams per liter.

Despite its name, it is slightly sweeter than Brut. It has a fruity flavor and a creamy texture, making it a great choice for brunch or dessert. It pairs well with fruit, cheese, and creamy pasta dishes.


Dry is the sweetest type of Prosecco, with a residual sugar content of 17 to 32 grams per liter. It has a rich and full-bodied flavor, with notes of honey and ripe fruit. It pairs well with spicy foods and desserts.

Serving Prosecco

When it comes to serving Prosecco, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure that you get the most out of your bottle.

Here are some tips:


Prosecco should be served chilled, but not too cold.

The ideal temperature is between 38-45 °F (3-7 °C). If the wine is too cold, it can mask the flavors and aromas. If it’s too warm, the bubbles can dissipate too quickly.

To chill a bottle of Prosecco, place it in a bucket of ice and water for about 30 minutes before serving.


The type of glass you use can also affect your Prosecco drinking experience.

A sparkling tulip glass is the most commonly recommended glass for serving Prosecco. The tall, slender shape helps preserve the bubbles’ finesse for longer, while the larger bulb at the top collects more of the wine’s floral aromas.

However, any flute or narrow glass will do the job. Avoid using a wide-brimmed glass, as it can cause the bubbles to dissipate too quickly.

When it comes to pouring, fill the glass about two-thirds full to allow room for the bubbles to form. Hold the glass at a slight angle and pour the Prosecco down the side of the glass to preserve the bubbles.

By following these tips, you can ensure that you serve Prosecco at its best and enjoy all the flavors and aromas that this Italian sparkling wine has to offer.

Pairing Prosecco

Prosecco is a versatile wine that can be paired with a variety of foods and occasions.

Here are some tips on how to pair Prosecco:

Food Pairings

Prosecco pairs well with a variety of foods, thanks to its relatively high acidity, sweetness, and bubbles.

Here are some food pairings to consider:

  • Antipasto: Prosciutto, other cured meats, and salty cheeses like asiago
  • Mild soft cheeses: Buffalo mozzarella, burrata, ricotta, gorgonzola, or goat’s cheese
  • Rich earthy cheeses: Fontina, brie, and camembert
  • Fatty and acidic flavors: Fried foods, pizza, and tomato-based sauces
  • Spicy curries and Southeast Asian fare: Thai, Vietnamese, Hong Kong, and Singaporean cuisine


Prosecco is a great wine for many occasions, from casual gatherings to celebrations.

mimosa made with champagne and orange juice

Here are some occasions where Prosecco shines:

  • Aperitif: Olives, nuts, and light appetizers
  • Celebrations: Cake, fruit tarts, and other desserts
  • Brunch: Eggs Benedict, quiche, and fruit salad
  • Outdoor gatherings: Grilled seafood, chicken, and vegetables

Prosecco is a versatile wine that can be paired with a variety of foods and occasions. Its bubbles and sweetness make it a great palate cleanser, while its acidity allows it to stand up to a range of flavors.

Whether you’re enjoying Prosecco as an aperitif or with a meal, there’s always a perfect pairing to be found.

Prosecco vs. Champagne


Prosecco and Champagne are both sparkling wines, but they are produced differently and come from different regions.

Champagne is produced in the Champagne region of France using a traditional method called méthode champenoise, while Prosecco is produced in the Veneto region of Italy using the Charmat method.

Champagne is made from a blend of grapes, including Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier, while Prosecco is made entirely from the Glera grape. Champagne is typically aged for a longer period of time than Prosecco, which gives it a more complex flavor profile and a higher price point.

Champagne is also known for its high acidity, which gives it a crisp, refreshing taste, while Prosecco is typically sweeter and fruitier in flavor.


Despite their differences, Champagne and Prosecco share some similarities.

Both are sparkling wines, which means they contain carbon dioxide bubbles that give them a fizzy texture. They are also both served at celebrations and special occasions, although Champagne is often considered more prestigious and expensive.

Both wines are best served chilled, and can be paired with a variety of foods, including seafood, cheese, and desserts.

They also both come in a range of sweetness levels, from brut (dry) to demi-sec (semi-sweet).


Prosecco is a sparkling white wine that originates from Italy. It is made from Glera grapes grown in the Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia regions.

The wine is known for its refreshing and fruity taste, with flavors of green apple, peach, lemon peel, pear, tropical fruit, cream, and floral notes like honeysuckle being common.

Prosecco is a versatile wine that can be enjoyed on its own or paired with a variety of foods. It is a great choice for celebrations, brunches, and casual gatherings. I

ts lower alcohol content and effervescence make it a refreshing option for warm weather and outdoor events.

When purchasing Prosecco, it is important to look for the DOC or DOCG designation on the label, which ensures that the wine has been produced in accordance with strict quality standards.

It is also important to store Prosecco properly, keeping it chilled and upright to preserve its effervescence.

Overall, Prosecco is a delicious and accessible wine that has gained popularity in recent years. Its affordability and versatility make it a great option for both wine enthusiasts and casual drinkers alike.

Please drink responsibly, be fully accountable with your alcohol consumption, and show others respect.

Written by Lauren McKenna

Lauren is a soon to be Temple University graduate. Her love of travel has introduced her to food and drinks from all over the world. She provides MyBartender with a global view of all things alcohol.

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